Anatomical segmentectomy for lung cancer is one of the most complicated surgeries.
As the author describes (1), thoracoscopic lung segmentectomy includes various types of procedures. Additionally, anatomy of the intra-lobar construction is different in every patient, and also oncological consideration is required for cancer surgery.
Segmentectomy requires complicated procedures and high-level skills even in open thoracotomy. Recently, many chest surgeons have challenged to more inconvenient thoracoscopic approach.
The author described his first manuscript concerning thoracoscopic segmentectomy in 2009 (2), and several has followed. He and his colleagues consistently prove that thoracoscopic segmentectomy is feasible, under many experiences, who are the most aggressive chest surgeons in Japan.
There have been many technical considerations published so far.
The author consists his own several knacks and tips in order to perform successful thoracoscopic segmentectomy. One is using 3D image by computed tomography (CT) angiography, which enables precise understanding the complicated individual anatomy of pulmonary vessels (3). Second is an effective use of energy devices and staplers. He uses energy device to divide intersegmental plane in the center of lung, referring intersegmental veins. On the other hand, endo-stapler is used in the peripheral lung. Third is a slipknot on the resecting small bronchus, which closes the resecting bronchus in a moment, while using inflation-deflation method to show intersegmental line (4).
I mostly agree with his policy because of good achieving the procedure securely. Especially, intersegmental division is the most variously discussed (5), and primarily, I agree with his procedure due to technical inconvenience of thoracoscopic segmentectomy.
The author also shows excellent video. His procedure is characterized by good view based on anatomy by 3D image, meticulous skills, unique usage of energy device and staplers, and successful result.
Segmentectomy aims to preserve better residual lung function and to obtain better quality of life (QOL). This is the same vector of less invasive thoracoscopic surgery.
So, lung segmentectomy had better be performed through thoracoscopy.
In Japan, requirement for operation procedure for cancer seems somewhat strict than other countries.
Comparatively in Asia, thoracoscopic segmentectomy seems better accepted, and even single incision segmentectomy is performed (6).
Above all, the importance of safe surgery due to precise and spatial understanding of anatomy cannot be overemphasized. And as a cancer surgery, no inferior survival outcome is necessary, as well as better postoperative QOL and less morbidity.
This is an Invited Article commissioned by Editorial Board Memeber Hiroyuki Oizumi, MD, PhD (Second Department of Surgery, Yamagata University, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan).
Conflicts of Interest: The author has no conflicts of interest to declare.
- Oizumi H, Kato H, Endoh M, et al. Port-access thoracoscopic anatomical right anterior segmentectomy. J Vis Surg 2015;1:16.
- Oizumi H, Kanauchi N, Kato H, et al. Total thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2009;36:374-7; discussion 377. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Oizumi H, Kanauchi N, Kato H, et al. Anatomic thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy under 3-dimensional multidetector computed tomography simulation: a report of 52 consecutive cases. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011;141:678-82. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Oizumi H, Kato H, Endoh M, et al. Slip knot bronchial ligation method for thoracoscopic lung segmentectomy. Ann Thorac Surg 2014;97:1456-8. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Gossot D, Zaimi R, Fournel L, et al. Totally thoracoscopic pulmonary anatomic segmentectomies: technical considerations. J Thorac Dis 2013;5 Suppl 3:S200-6.
- Han KN, Kim HK, Lee HJ, et al. Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy: a report on 30 cases†. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2016;49 Suppl 1:i42-i47.
Cite this article as: Morikawa T. Thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy for further advancement. J Vis Surg 2016;2:39.