Article Abstract

Adult pulmonary intralobar sequestrations: changes in the surgical management

Authors: Akram Traibi, Agathe Seguin-Givelet, Emmanuel Brian, Madalina Grigoroiu, Dominique Gossot


Background: Until now, the traditional procedure to treat intralobar pulmonary sequestration (ILS) in adults has been a lobectomy performed by open chest surgery. We have reviewed our data to determine whether the surgical management of these lesions has evolved over the last years.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who were operated on for an ILS by either posterolateral thoracotomy (PLT group), or by thoracoscopy (TS group) between 2000 and 2016.
Results: Eighteen patients were operated on for a ILS during this period. Before 2011, all resections were performed by thoracotomy (n=6) and after 2011 the approach was either a thoracotomy (n=5) or a thoracoscopy (n=7). There was one conversion because of dense pleural adhesions and this patient was integrated in the PLT group for further analysis. ILS presented more frequently on the left side (n=12, 66.7%) than on the right one (n=6, 33.3%) and exclusively in the lower lobes. All the PLT group patients underwent a lobectomy. In the TS group, five patients underwent a sublobar resection (2 segmentectomies S9+10, 1 basilar segmentectomy and 2 atypical resections). There was no mortality. In the PLT group, 5 patients (45%) had complications versus one patient (14%) in the TS group. The mean hospital stay was 7.4 days in the PLT group versus 5.4 days in the TS group.
Conclusions: These data confirm that ILS can be safely treated by a sublobar resection that should be performed, whenever possible, without opening the chest.