Pediatric thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernias
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare congenital disease requiring neonatal surgical treatment. The traditional surgical management of CDH consists of diaphragmatic repair by laparotomy. Thoracoscopic repair techniques have been well described for CDH with late presentation. Nevertheless, its feasibility for CDH treatment in neonates emerged only the past few years because the use of thoracoscopy with carbon dioxide insufflation remains controversial in these patients more vulnerable to hypothermia and acidosis. However, we think that thoracoscopy can be safely used to repair CDH in selected patients and the major limiting factor is pulmonary hypoplasia. Some patients should be excluded based on their higher potential need for patch closure with its technical difficulty and increased operative time. The close collaboration between pediatric surgeon, anesthetist and neonatologist is essential. We discuss here the patient selection criteria, expose the pre- and post-operative management, the procedure steps; regarding to our experience we deliver some tips to achieve the safest surgical procedure for the pediatric patient.