Thoracoscopic lobectomy after induction therapy—a paradigm shift?
Video-assisted thoracoscopic approaches (or VATS) have gained significant momentum in the management of locally advanced NSCLC in the current era. Accrual of experiences and concurrent improvements in instrumentation and video technology have further enhanced its role in patients with stage IIIA (N2) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, substantial controversy exists around the notion of mediastinal staging and restaging after induction therapy, the utility of induction chemotherapy versus chemoradiation for N2 disease, and subsequent role of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy following induction therapy. This perspective will closely examine these issues in the context of existing guidelines and contemporary studies.