Congenital bronchial atresia in adults: thoracoscopic resection
Congenital bronchial atresia (CBA) is a rare congenital malformation consisting in an interruption of a lobar or—more frequently—of a segmental bronchus. It leads to mucus impaction and hyperinflation of the obstructed lung segment. It causes infectious complications and, in the long term, destruction of the adjacent lung parenchyma. Thus, a surgical resection is usually indicated, even in asymptomatic patients.