Salvage video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for isolated local relapse after stereotactic body radiotherapy for early stage non-small cell lung cancer: technical aspects and perioperative management

Masatsugu Hamaji, Toyofumi-Fengshi Chen-Yoshikawa, Yukinori Matsuo, Hideki Motoyama, Kyoko Hijiya, Toshi Menju, Akihiro Aoyam, Toshihiko Sato, Makoto Sonobe, Hiroshi Date


Limited data is available on salvage surgery for local relapse (LR) after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to characterize treatment options and clarify long-term outcomes of isolated LR after SBRT for patients with clinical stage I NSCLC. Herein, we discuss technical aspects, perioperative management, and postoperative follow-up of two patients of the 12 patients undergoing salvage surgery for LR after SBRT at Kyoto University between 1999 and 2013. A 76-year-old male, 15 months after SBRT, underwent a salvage right upper lobectomy combined with adjacent right lower lobe wedge resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for a 5.0-cm mass. Local recurrence was found 5 years after salvage surgery and treated with repeat SBRT, however he died from multiple distant metastases. An 85-year-old male, 14 months after SBRT, underwent a salvage left upper lobectomy via VATS for a 3.5-cm mass. Moderate intrapleural adhesion was noted and required careful dissection on the mediastinum. He is alive with no recurrence at 2 years from salvage surgery. Salvage VATS lobectomy was feasible after SBRT in two patients. Long-term follow-up and continued discussions at multidisciplinary conferences are required.