The first procedure of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was pioneered by Dr. Gaetano Rocco from the National Cancer Institute Naples, Italy, between 2003–2006 uniportal VATS was performed for pleural effusion, pleurodesis, pleural and mediastinal biopsies, and lung wedge resections (1-3).
The major lung resection with radical lymphadenectomy for non-small cell lung cancer, was the first report by Dr. Gonzalez Rivas from Coruña University hospital in Spain, followed by complex uniportal VATS lung resection including lobectomy (4), pneumonectomy (5), segmentectomy (6), bronchoplastic procedures, chest Wall resection and a lobectomy in a non-intubated patient (7-9).
The purpose of this study is to analyze the preliminary first experience of uniportal Vats in Argentina.
I have visited Dr. Diego Gonzalez Rivas, from Coruña University Hospital Spain. Also I have visited important Centers around the World, Charite Hospital in Berlin (Figure 1) and the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital Tongji University (Figures 2,3).
A retrospective study was performed for patients undergoing a uniportal VATS procedure between December 2013 and October 2016, 181 patients were included in this study. We analyzed, the outcome of uniportal VATS in terms of morbidity, 30 days mortality, conversion rate and hospital stay. All the patients provided written informed consent before operation.
The patients were placed in a right or left sided position as for the posterolateral thoracotomy. All procedures were performed under general anesthesia with single lung ventilation. The 3–5 cm single incision, was placed in the intercostal space. There was no rib spreading used. The 10 mm 30 scope camera was introduced in the posterior part of the incision.
The incision allowed the introduction of more than two instruments beside the scope simultaneously. The surgeon and his assistant stand both in front of the patient. A complete lymphadenectomy was performed in all patients with NSCLC. All tumor specimens were removed with bag. A chest tube K225 was inserted in the posterior part of the incision (Figure 7).
The Uniportal VATS was introduced in the world by Dr. Diego Gonzalez Rivas. Dr. G. Rocco from National Cancer Institute, Naples, Italy, used uniportal VATS for Minor Procedures, pneumothorax, mediastinal biopsy, pleural effusion and lung wedge resection (1-3).
Between Dec 2013 and Oct 2016 in the Division of Thoracic Surgery, Htal E. Tornu and San Camilo Clinic, 181 patients, received uniportal VATS procedures performed for different indications.
There were 59% male and 41% female, the mean age was 58.7.
The procedures included minor and mayor procedures. Minor procedures were 155. Pneumothorax 30, interstitial lung 5, complicated pleural effusion 35, pleurectomy biopsies pleurodesis 40, pericardial effusion 10, wedge resection 30, and mediastinal posterior tumor 5. Mayor procedures were 20 lobectomies, and 6 anatomic segmentectomies. Total procedures 181. The mayor lung resection included systematic dissection lymphadenectomy. There were 10 lower lobectomy, 4 middle lobectomy and 6 upper lobectomy. There were 6 anatomical segmentectomy, 2 for metastasis and 4 COPD with tumor NSCLC and severe lung restriction.
The histological finding was NSCLC, in mayor resection. There were 2 conversions in mayor resection due to technical difficulties in one upper lobectomy and the other case was anatomical segmentectomy. There was 1 revision for postoperative hemothorax in mediastinal tumor. No morbid mortality. Mean hospital stay was 5.5 days for the whole group.
The evidence has shown that minimally invasive techniques are feasible in thoracic surgery. Uniportal VATS is becoming accepted worldwide for minor and major procedures to treat thoracic and mediastinal pathologies (9,11).
Uniportal VATS is a safe technique in thoracic surgery.
We used previously open surgery in mayor resections, and VATS with 3 ports in minor resections. Then we have indented 2 ports, and finally we have learned and accepted Diego Gonzalez Rivas’s technique (12).
We have used conventional instruments at first, but then with the use of double articulation instruments, and Energy Devices helped to make this surgery safer and more comfortable for patients and for surgeons.
VATS maintains the oncological principles of traditional open procedures. Reduces surgical Trauma and reduces the postoperative hospital stay.
Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
- Rocco G, Martin-Ucar A, Passera E. Uniportal VATS wedge pulmonary resections. Ann Thorac Surg 2004;77:726-8. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Rocco G, Brunelli A, Jutley R, et al. Uniportal VATS for mediastinal nodal diagnosis and staging. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2006;5:430-2. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Jutley RS, Khalil MW, Rocco G. Uniportal vs standard three-port VATS technique for spontaneous pneumothorax: comparison of post-operative pain and residual paraesthesia. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2005;28:43-6. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D, Paradela M, Fernandez R, et al. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: two years of experience. Ann Thorac Surg 2013;95:426-32. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D, de la Torre M, Fernandez R, et al. Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2011;13:539-41. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D, Mendez L, Delgado M, et al. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomic segmentectomy. J Thorac Dis 2013;5 Suppl 3:S226-33. [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D, Delgado M, Fieira E, et al. Double sleeve uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2014;3:E2. [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D, Fernandez R, de la Torre M, et al. Single-port thoracoscopic lobectomy in a nonintubated patient: the least invasive procedure for major lung resection? Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2014;19:552-5. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D, Fieira E, Delgado M, et al. Is uniportal thoracoscopic surgery a feasible approach for advanced stages of non-small cell lung cancer? J Thorac Dis 2014;6:641-8. [PubMed]
- Gustavo B, Gonzalez Rivas D. Dr. Diego Gonzalez Rivas, Dr. Gustavo Bondulich and Dr. Hector Rivero are in the operating room. Clinica San Camilo, Buenos Aires Argentina. Asvide 2017;4:190. Available online: http://www.asvide.com/articles/1498
- Ng CS. Uniportal VATS in Asia. J Thorac Dis 2013;5 Suppl 3:S221-5. [PubMed]
- Gonzalez-Rivas D. VATS lobectomy: surgical evolution from conventional VATS to uniportal approach. ScientificWorldJournal 2012;2012:780842. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Ismail M, Helmig M, Swierzy M, et al. Uniportal VATS: the first German experience. J Thorac Dis 2014;6:S650-5. [PubMed]
- Harris C, Croce B, Harris R. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2016;5:154. [Crossref] [PubMed]
- Harris CG, James RS, Tian DH, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of uniportal versus multiportal video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer. Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2016;5:76-84. [Crossref] [PubMed]
Cite this article as: Bondulich G, Gonzalez Rivas D. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, Argentinian experience. J Vis Surg 2017;3:60.