Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, Argentinian experience
The acceptance of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for minor and major thoracic procedures is growing in South America. This study presents the experience with uniportal VATS in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In a retrospective study, 181 patients were operated with uniportal VATS technique between December 2013 and October 2016. Uniportal procedures included minor and major procedures. Uniportal VATS were analyzed en terms of morbidity, mortality, conversion rate, hospital stay. A total of 181 patients were analyzed. 59% were males and 41% females. The mean age was 58.7. The uniportal VATS procedures included pneumothorax 30, interstitial lung 5, complicated pleural effusion 35, pleurectomy biopsy pleurodesis 40, pericardial effusion 10, mediastinal tumor (posterior) 5, wedge resection 30, anatomical segment resection 6, and lobectomy 20. There were 2 conversions in major resection procedures due to technical difficulties. There was 1 revision for postoperative hemothorax. The mean hospital stay was 4.9 days for the whole group. Uniportal VATS is a safe technique in thoracic surgery. Maintains the oncological principles of traditional open procedures. There are lower, few general complications, lower pain level, lower postoperative morbidity and mortality. Reduces surgical trauma, and reduces the postoperative hospital stay.