Article Abstract

Totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy for locally advanced middle-upper-third gastric cancer

Authors: Mi Lin, Chang-Ming Huang, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Qi-Yue Chen, Ze-Ning Huang

Abstract

Background: Totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) for locally advanced middle-upper-third gastric cancer is becoming increasingly popular. The difficulty of TLTG for locally advanced middle-upper-third gastric cancer is laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy and the intracorporeal digestive tract reconstruction. We summed up a set of unique experience through clinical practice to simplify operation procedures.
Methods: We performed TLTG with Huang’s three-step maneuver in laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy and a later-cut overlap Roux-en-Y anastomosis in the intracorporeal digestive tract reconstruction for patients with locally advanced middle-upper-third gastric cancer. The Huang’s three-step maneuver divided the complicated procedure of laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy into three steps, including the dissection of the lymph nodes (LNs) in the inferior pole region of the spleen (1st step), the region of the splenic artery trunk (2nd step), and the superior pole region of the spleen (3rd step). The later-cut overlap Roux-en-Y anastomosis used only endoscopic linear staplers intracorporeally and the small intestine was cut off after the esophagojejunostomy was completed, so that we could grasp the small intestine more easily and determine the direction of anastomosis more conveniently.
Results: One patient experienced later anastomotic leakage and was successfully treated by conservative in 16 consecutive patients. No patient experienced any operation-related complications. At a median follow-up of 15 months, no patients had died or experienced recurrent or metastatic disease.
Conclusions: TLTG with Huang’s three-step maneuver in laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy and a later-cut overlap Roux-en-Y anastomosis in the intracorporeal digestive tract reconstruction for locally advanced middle-upper-third gastric cancer was technically safe and feasible, with acceptable short-term outcomes.

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