Nonintubated video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer
Nonintubated video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is now well established and is performed in different institutions as a safe and versatile procedure in selected patients. To share the surgical and anesthetic techniques for nonintubated VATS, we present a 56-year-old female patient who underwent nonintubated VATS left upper lobectomy for primary non-small cell lung cancer. Our patient was sedated in a spontaneous breathing status using a target-controlled infusion of propofol. Additionally, regional anesthesia using intercostal block and left-sided intrathoracic vagal block enabled us to do left upper lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection without difficulty. After an uneventful postoperative recovery, our patient was discharged to her home on postoperative day 3. The final pathology showed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma without any involvement of mediastinal lymph node, measuring 27 mm in its maximal dimension. Nonintubated VATS lobectomy can be a safe and effective procedure providing satisfactory clinical outcomes in the patient.