Robotic thymectomy is an increasingly used modality. Patients who are candidates for traditional, open thymectomy are typically also candidates for robotic thymectomy, with the exception of patients with invasion of great vessels. Knowledge of and training on the robotic platform is critical for success. Patient and port positioning is described. Critical steps during robotic thymectomy include attention to careful division of the thymus off the innominate vein, and complete retrieval of bilateral superior horns of the gland. Robotic thymectomy may be performed with excellent perioperative and long-term outcomes for both neoplastic and non-neoplastic indications.